Postpartum Depression

Postpartum Depression

Postpartum Depression

When it comes to postpartum depression,most moms think,"Well, that won't be me." What many women don't realize is that it really might happen to them that between one quarter and one-half of all women experience some form of a postpartum depressive illness .   PPD is a form of major depression that begins within 4 weeks after delivery.The diagnosis of postpartum depression is based not only on the length of time between delivery and onset but on the severity of the depression. depression is still not clear. But what is known is that the levels of estrogen and progesterone, the female reproductive hormones, increase tenfold during pregnancy. Then, they drop sharply after delivery. By 3 days after a woman gives birth, the levels of these hormones drop back to what they were before pregnancy.Most new mothers experience the "baby blues" after delivery. About 1 out of every 10 of these women will develop a more severe and longer-lasting depression after delivery. About 1 in 1,000 women develop a more serious condition called postpartum psychosis.

Dads aren’t immune. Research shows that about 1 in 10 new fathers get depression during the year their child is born. 

With PPD, these come along with other symptoms of major depression, which aren’t typical after childbirth, and may include: 

  1. Being uninterested in your baby or feeling like you’re not bonding with them
  2. Crying all the time, often for no reason
  3. Depressed mood 
  4. Severe anger and crankiness
  5. Loss of pleasure 
  6. Feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness, and helplessness 
  7. Thoughts of death or suicide 
  8. Thoughts of hurting someone else
  9. Trouble concentrating or making decisions

Untreated postpartum depression can be dangerous for new moms and their children.

Postpartum depression is treated differently, depending on the type of symptoms and how severe they are. Treatment options include anti-anxiety or antidepressant medications, psychotherapy and participation in a support group for emotional support and education. In the case of postpartum psychosis, drugs used to treat psychosis are usually added. But talk to your doctor first . If you have PPD, it’s not because you did anything wrong. Experts think it happens for many reasons, and those can be different for different people. 

Types of Postpartum Depression - 

There are three terms used to describe the mood changes women can have after giving birth:

  1. The "baby blues" happen to as many as 70% of women in the days right after childbirth. You may have sudden mood swings, such as feeling very happy and then feeling very sad. You may cry for no reason and can feel impatient, cranky, restless, anxious, lonely, and sad. The baby blues may last only a few hours or as long as 1 to 2 weeks after delivery.
  2. Postpartum depression (PPD) can happen a few days or even months after childbirth. PPD can happen after the birth of any child, not just the first child. You can have feelings similar to the baby blues -- sadness, despair, anxiety, crankiness -- but you feel them much more strongly. PPD often keeps you from doing the things you need to do every day.
  3. Postpartum psychosis is a very serious mental illness that can affect new mothers. This illness can happen quickly, often within the first 3 months after childbirth. Visual hallucinations are less common . 

Postpartum Depression Prevention - 

If you have a history of depression, tell your doctor as soon as you find out you’re pregnant, or if you’re planning to become pregnant.

During pregnancy. Your doctor can monitor you for symptoms. You can manage mild depression symptoms with support groups, counseling, or other therapies. Your doctor may prescribe medications, even while you’re pregnant.

After your baby is born. Your doctor may recommend an early postpartum checkup to look for symptoms of depression. The earlier you’re diagnosed, the earlier you can begin treatment. "Be kind to yourself, be forgiving, and enjoy who you are today because you will look back and wish you hadn't worried about your body the way you did. Go out, have fun, don't let it hold you back. You are beautiful — flaunt it and Postpartum Depression is Curable“ .

- Jency Dominic
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